Reference
Choose:

Admiral
Region: United Kingdom
AA Range: 13 - 16%
Notes: A good replacement for both high alpha and dual-purpose hops when used as a kettle hop.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Example: Ale
Ahtanum
Region: United States
AA Range: 5 - 6%
Notes: Floral, citrus, sharp, and piney.
Typical Use: Aroma, bittering.
Substitution: Cascade, Amarillo
Example: Lager, American Ale
Amarillo
Region: United States
AA Range: 8 - 11%
Notes: Floral, citrus aroma.
Typical Use: Flavor, aroma.
Substitution: Cascade, Centennial, Chinook, Ahtanum.
Example: Bighorn Big Red IPA
Aquila
Region: United States
AA Range: 5 - 7%
Notes: Not widely used.
Typical Use: Aroma.
Argentina Cascade
Region: Argentina
AA Range: 3 - 3%
Typical Use: bittering, flavor, aroma
Substitution: Hallertau
Bramling Cross
Region: United Kingdom, Canada
AA Range: 6 - 8%
Notes: Toasty, buttery, slighly resiny aroma with some woody notes. Quite mild, fruity currant aroma.
Typical Use: Bittering, finishing.
Substitution: Progress, Kent Golding
Example: ESB, Bitter, Pale Ale
Brewers Gold
Region: United Kingdom, Germany
AA Range: 8 - 10%
Notes: Blackcurrant, fruity, spicy aroma.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Substitution: Comet, Chinook, Eroica, Galena, Bullion
Example: Ale, Pilsner, Lambic
Bullion
Region: United Kingdom, United States
AA Range: 8 - 11%
Notes: Poor aroma, sharp bittering and black currant flavor and aroma when used in the boil.
Typical Use: Bittering, finishing.
Substitution: Brewer's Gold, Pacific Gem
Example: IPA, ESB, Stout
Cascade
Region: United States
AA Range: 4 - 8%
Notes: Strong spicy, floral, citrus (especially grapefruit) aroma.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma, finishing, dry hopping.
Substitution: Centennial
Example: Sierra Nevada Pale Ale, Anchor Liberty Ale, Old Foghorn
Centennial
Region: United States
AA Range: 9 - 11%
Notes: Spicy, floral, citrus aroma, clean bittering hop.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma, dry hopping.
Substitution: Cascade
Example: Ale; Sierra Nevada Celebration Ale, Sierra Nevada Bigfoot Ale
Challenger
Region: United Kingdom
AA Range: 6 - 8%
Notes: Spicy aroma, fruity flavor.
Typical Use: Aroma, bittering. Blends well with other hops.
Substitution: Perle, Northern Brewer
Example: English-style Ale, Porter, Stout, ESB
Chinook
Region: United States
AA Range: 12 - 14%
Notes: Heavy spicy aroma, strong versatile bittering hop.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Galena, Eroica, Nugget, Bullion
Example: Pale Ale, Stout, Porter, IPA; Sierra Nevada Celebration Ale, Sierra Nevada Stout
Citra
Region: United States
AA Range: 10 - 12%
Notes:

A very new American hop with parentage from Hallertau Mittelfruh, East Kent Goldings, and others. High alpha and strong tropical fruit aromas and flavors (think mango, papaya, and pineapple). Best known as a dry hop in Sierra Nevada Torpedo IPA.

Typical Use: Bittering, Aroma, Dry Hopping
Substitution: Unknown
Example: American IPA, Imperial IPA
Cluster
Region: United States, Australia
AA Range: 5 - 8%
Notes: Poor, sharp aroma, sharp bittering hop.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Galena
Example: Ale (aroma), Lager (bittering); Winterhook Christmas Ale
Columbus
Region: United States
AA Range: 14 - 16%
Notes: Pungent aroma.
Typical Use: Bittering, dry hopping.
Substitution: Nugget, Chinook, Wye Target, Northern Brewer, Centennial
Example: IPA, Pale Ale, Stout
Comet
Region: United States
AA Range: 9 - 11%
Notes: Especially bitter.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Galena
Crystal
Region: United States
AA Range: 2 - 5%
Notes: Mild, pleasant, slightly spicy.
Typical Use: Aroma, finishing, flavoring.
Substitution: Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker, Mount Hood, Liberty
Example: Lager, Pilsner, ESB
El Dorado
Region: USA
AA Range: 14 - 16%
Notes:

Origin: El Dorado is a special purpose hop variety with exceptional aroma qualities and high alpha acids.

 

Typical Use: Aroma
Eroica
Region: United States
AA Range: 12 - 14%
Notes: Clean bittering hop.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Northern Brewer, Galena
Example: Wheat, Pale Ale, Porter; Ballard Bitter, Blackhook Porter, Anderson Valley Boont Amber
First Gold
Region: United Kingdom
AA Range: 6 - 8%
Notes: A dwarf hop, predicted by many in the British industry for future success.
Typical Use: Aroma, bittering.
Substitution: UK Kent Golding, Crystal
Example: English style ale.
Fuggle
Region: United Kingdom, United States
AA Range: 3 - 5%
Notes: Mild, soft, grassy, floral aroma.
Typical Use: Aroma, finishing, dry hopping.
Substitution: East Kent Goldings, Willamette
Example: English-style Ale, American Ale, ESB, Lager; Samuel Smith's Pale Ale, Old Peculier, Thomas Hardy's Ale; English ales
Galaxy
Region: Australia
AA Range: 12 - 14%
Notes:

Typical Alpha: 12-14%. An Australian hop variety that showcases gentle citrus with passion fruit notes, along with a high alpha acid level. This hop has quickly become a favorite of the craft beer industry for its fresh flavor, and is excellent in IPAs and pale ales. Similar to Citra, but with the tropical fruit toned down and a bit more grassy flavor. Due to the high cohumulone content of this hop, it works best as a late addition or dry hop.

Typical Use: Bittering, Flavor and Aroma
Substitution: Citra
Example: Half Acre Double Galactic Daisy Cutter
Galena
Region: United States
AA Range: 12 - 14%
Notes: Strong, clean bittering hop.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Northern Brewer, Eroica, Cluster
Example: Ale, Porter, Stout, ESB; Catamount Porter, Devil's Mountain Railroad Ale
Glacier
Region: United States
AA Range: 5 - 6%
Notes: Balanced bitterness and pleasant aroma. New variety.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma, finishing.
Substitution: Willamette, US Fuggle, US Tettnang, Styrian Golding
Example: Pale Ale, ESB, Bitter, English-Style Pale Ale, Porter, Stout
Golding
Region: United States, Canada
AA Range: 4 - 6%
Notes: Version of Kent Goldings grown in the United States.
Typical Use: Aroma.
Substitution: Kent Goldings
Example: English-style Ale, ESB, Pale Ale
Green Bullet
Region: New Zealand
AA Range: 8 - 11%
Notes: Citrus and floral aroma.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Example: Lager; ale.
Hallertauer Gold
Region: Germany
AA Range: 6 - 6%
Notes: Known for its aromatic properties similar to Hallertauer.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Substitution: Crystal, Mount Hood
Example: Ale, Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Wheat
Hallertauer Hersbrucker
Region: Germany
AA Range: 2 - 5%
Notes: Pleasant, spicy, mild, noble, earthy aroma.
Typical Use: Aroma, finishing.
Substitution: Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Mt. Hood, Liberty, Crystal, NZ Hallertau Aroma
Example: Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Wheat; Wheathook Wheaten Ale; German style lagers
Hallertauer Mittlefruh
Region: Germany
AA Range: 3 - 5%
Notes: Pleasant, spicy, mild herbal aroma. Noble hop.
Typical Use: Aroma, finishing.
Substitution: Hallertauer Hersbrucker, Mt. Hood, Liberty, Crystal, NZ Hallertau Aroma
Example: Lager, Bock, Wheat; Sam Adams Boston Lager, Sam Adams Boston Lightship; German style lagers
Herald
Region: United Kingdom
AA Range: 11 - 13%
Notes: High alpha-acid dwarf hop.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Hersbrucker
Region: Germany
AA Range: 3 - 5%
Notes:

Grassy, Hay, Pleasant and Hoppy were all used as describers. It has a mild to semi-strong potency. Grown widely not only in the Hallertau but also in Spalt and Hersbruck areas.

Typical Use: Aroma
Substitution: Mt Hood, French Strisselspalt
Example: Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Weizen Bock, Wheat, Belgian-Style Ales, Kölsch, Munich Helles
Horizon
AA Range: 11 - 13%
Notes: Spicy, floral aroma.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Substitution: Magnum
Example: All Ales, Lager.
Huller Bitterer
Region: Germany
AA Range: 7 - 10%
Typical Use: Bittering
Kent Golding
Region: United Kingdom
AA Range: 4 - 7%
Notes: Spicy, floral, earthy, rounded, very mild aroma; spicy flavor.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma, finishing, dry hopping for
Substitution: Goldings, Target
Example: Samuel Smith's Pale Ale, Fuller's ESB; British ales
Liberty
Region: United States
AA Range: 2 - 5%
Notes: Fine, very mild aroma.
Typical Use: Aroma, finishing.
Substitution: Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker, Mt. Hood, Crystal
Example: Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Wheat; Pete's Wicked Lager
Lublin
Region: Poland
AA Range: 2 - 4%
Notes: Reported to be a substitute for noble varieties.
Typical Use: Aroma, finishing.
Substitution: Saaz, Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker, Tettnang, Mount Hood, Liberty, Crystal.
Magnum
Region: Germany
AA Range: 12 - 14%
Notes: Clean bittering hop. Bred at the Hop Research Institute in Hull, Germany.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Columbus, Nugget
Example: Lager, Pilsner; Stout
Marynka
Region: Poland
AA Range: 9 - 12%
Notes: Contains both high aroma values and high content of bitter substances.
Millenium
Region: United States
AA Range: 14 - 15%
Notes: Mild, herbal aroma.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Nugget, Columbus
Mount Hood
Region: United States
AA Range: 3 - 8%
Notes: Mild, clean aroma.
Typical Use: Aroma, finishing.
Substitution: Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker, Liberty, Tettnang
Example: Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Wheat; Anderson Valley High Rollers Wheat Beer, Portland Ale
Nelson Sauvin
Region: New Zealand
AA Range: 12 - 14%
Notes: Imparts grape-like flavor.
Typical Use: Bittering.
New Zealand Hallertau Aroma
Region: New Zealand
AA Range: 6 - 8%
Notes: Said to be a replica of German Hallertauer Mittelfrueh.
Typical Use: Fine aroma hopping.
Substitution: Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker, Tettnang, Crystal
Example: Coors, Coors Light; lager
Newport
Region: United States
AA Range: 13 - 17%
Notes: Mild aroma, high bittering alpha hop.
Typical Use: Bittering
Substitution: Galena, Nugget, Fuggle, Magnum, Brewer?s Gold
Example: Ale, Stout, Barley Wine
None
Region: NA
AA Range: - %
Notes:

No hops added.

Typical Use: Meads and Ciders
Example: None
Northdown
Region: Ireland
AA Range: 7 - 9%
Notes: Good flavor and aroma, blends well with other United Kingdom types.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma, finishing.
Substitution: Target, Northern Brewer
Example: Ale; Guinness
Northern Brewer
Region: United Kingdom, United States, Germany
AA Range: 7 - 10%
Notes: Fine, fragrant aroma, dry, clean bittering hop.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma, finishing.
Substitution: Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, Hallertauer Hersbrucker
Example: ESB, Bitter, Pale Ale, Porter, California Common; Old Peculier, Anchor Liberty, Anchor Steam
Northwest Golding
Region: United Kingdom
AA Range: 4 - 5%
Notes: Strong aroma.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Example: Ale, Porter, Stout, ESB
Nugget
Region: United States
AA Range: 12 - 14%
Notes: Heavy, spicy, herbal aroma, strong bittering hop.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Substitution: Chinook
Example: ESB, Lager, Ale; Sierra Nevada Porter, Sierra Nevada Bigfoot Ale, Anderson Valley ESB
Olympic
Region: United States
AA Range: 11 - 13%
Notes: Mild to medium, citrusy aroma, spicy.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Chinook
Example: Pale Ale
Omega
Region: United Kingdom
AA Range: 9 - 11%
Notes: Increasingly rare.
Typical Use: All beer types.
Example: Bittering
Orion
Region: Germany
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Pacific Gem
Region: New Zealand
AA Range: 14 - 16%
Notes: Woody, berry aroma. Frequenlty grown organic.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Example: All ale styles
Pacific Jade
Region: New Zealand
AA Range: 12 - 14%
Notes:

High alpha and intense aromas of citrus and black pepper. Dual use in craft ales and lagers.

Typical Use: Bittering, Flavor and Aroma
Palisade
Region: United States
AA Range: 5 - 9%
Notes:

Palisade hops are grown in the Yakima Valley of the Pacific Northwest by a family farm with generations of hop growing experience. The Palisades variety was bred from Swiss Tettnanger hops, and have a character similar to Willamette or Fuggles. They exhibit a refined and subtle flavor with an earthy herbal aroma that could also be described as grassy. A slight spicy character with hints of citrus or apricot makes some describe this hop as pretty. As mellow rather than overpowering hop the Palisades are a great hop for beers that strike a good balance between malt and hops and have a smooth drinkable character.

Typical Use: Aroma and Moderate Bittering
Substitution: Tettnanger, Willamette, Fuggle, Styrian Golding
Example: Pale Ale's, IPAs,
Perle
Region: Germany, United States
AA Range: 7 - 9%
Notes: Pleasant aroma, slightly spicy, almost minty bittering hop.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Hallertauer Mittelfrueh, NZ Hallertau Aroma
Example: Lager, Pale Ale, Porter; Sierra Nevada Pale Ale, Summerfest, and Pale Bock
Phoenix
Region: United Kingdom
AA Range: 12 - 15%
Notes: Similar to Challenger.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Substitution: Northdown, Kent Golding, Challenger
Example: All beer types.
Pioneer
Region: United Kindom
AA Range: 8 - 10%
Notes: Clean bitterness; mild "English" aroma. Dwarf variety.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Example: Ale, ESB
Pride of Ringwood
Region: Australia
AA Range: 9 - 11%
Notes: Citric aroma, clean bittering hop.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Example: Lager; Foster's Lager, Victoria Bitter, Coopers Sparkling Ale
Progress
Region: United Kingdom
AA Range: 5 - 7%
Notes: Similar to Fuggles, slightly sweeter.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Fuggles
Example: English-style Ale
Record
Region: Germany
Saaz
Region: Czechoslovakia, United States
AA Range: 2 - 2%
Notes: Delicate, mild, floral aroma. Czech varietey is considered a noble hop.
Typical Use: Aroma, finishing.
Substitution: Tettnang
Example: Plisner, Lager, Wheat; Pilsener Urquell; Bohemian style lagers
Santiam
Region: United States
AA Range: 5 - 7%
Notes: Slightly spicy and floral aroma. Noble hop characteristics.
Typical Use: Aroma, bittering.
Substitution: Tettnang, Spalt, Spalter
Example: Lager, Pilsner, Belgian Tripel, Kolsch, Bock, Munich Helles, American Ale
Satus
Region: United States
AA Range: 10 - 14%
Notes: Medium but pleasant hoppiness, citrusy.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Nugget, Pride of Ringwood, Chinook
Example: Ale, Porter, ESB
Select
Region: Germany
AA Range: 4 - 6%
Notes: Bred from Hallertauer Mittlefruh and Spalt as a disease resistant Spalt type.
Typical Use: Flavor, aroma.
Substitution: Saaz, Tettnang, Spalt, Hersbrucker
Example: German style lager and ale.
Simcoe
Region: United States
AA Range: 12 - 14%
Notes: Pine-like aroma. Mainly a bittering hop with good aroma characteristics
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma
Example: American Ale
Southern Cross
Region: New Zealand
AA Range: 11 - 12%
Typical Use: Strong bittering and fine aroma qualities.
Example: Lager
Spalt
Region: Germany, United States
AA Range: 3 - 6%
Notes: Mild, pleasant, slightly spicy.
Typical Use: Aroma, finishing, flavoring, bittering.
Substitution: Saaz, Tettnang
Example: Lager, Dusseldorf Alt
Spalt Select
Region: Germany, United States
AA Range: 4 - 6%
Notes: Very fine Spalter-type aroma. U.S. variety has "wild American" tones.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Substitution: Saaz, Tettnanger, German Spalt
Example: Lager
Sterling
Region: United States
AA Range: 6 - 9%
Notes: Herbal and spicy aroma with a hint of floral and citrus.
Typical Use: Aroma, bittering.
Substitution: Saaz
Example: Pilsner, Lager, Belgian-Style Ale
Sticklebract
Region: New Zealand
AA Range: 11 - 13%
Notes: Said to be comparable to European Northern Brewer.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Substitution: Northern Brewer
Strisselspalt
Region: France
AA Range: 3 - 5%
Notes: Medium intensity, pleasant, similar to Hersbrucker.
Typical Use: Aroma, finishing.
Substitution: Hersbrucker, German Spalt
Example: Pilsner, Lager, Wheat
Styrian Golding
Region: Yugoslavia, United States
AA Range: 4 - 7%
Notes: Similar to Fuggles.
Typical Use: Bittering, finishing, dry hopping.
Substitution: Fuggles, Willamette
Example: All English-style Ale, ESB, Bitter, Lager; Ind Coope's Burton Ale, Timothy Taylor's Landlord; English style ale
Summit
Region: USA
AA Range: 17 - 19%
Notes:

Summit is a recently-released high-alpha (17 to 19% AAU) hop variety. It is a dwarf variety grown on low trellis systems in the Yakima valley. Because the low trellis is not machine harvestable, these hops are gently picked by hand in the field and are, assumably, less damaged by the harvesting process. Chumulone levels are low at 25-28% of alpha. Summit is said to have strong orange and tangerine citrus notes in its flavor, making it ideal for brewing American style IPAs (especially IIPAs) and Pale Ales.

Typical Use: Bittering
Substitution: Cascade, Amarillo
Example: American Pale Ale, American IPA
Talisman
Region: United States
AA Range: 8 - 10%
Notes: Derived from Cluster.
Target
Region: United Kingdom
AA Range: 10 - 12%
Notes: Accounts for 40% of United Kingdom hop production.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Substitution: Northdown, Progress
Example: Ale, Lager; Young's Special London Ale
Tettnanger
Region: Germany, United States
AA Range: 3 - 6%
Notes: Fine, spicy aroma.
Typical Use: Aroma, finishing.
Substitution: Saaz, Spalt
Example: Lager, Ale; Gulpener Pilsener, Sam Adams Octoberfest, Anderson Valley ESB
Tomahwak
Region: United States
AA Range: 15 - 17%
Notes: Bittering hop.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Columbus
Example: Ale
Tradition
Region: Germany
AA Range: 5 - 7%
Notes: Fine, subtle aroma similar to Hallertau.
Typical Use: Aroma, bittering
Substitution: Liberty, Hallertau
Example: Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Wheat, Weizen
Ultra
Region: United States
AA Range: 3 - 6%
Notes: Fine aroma hop.
Typical Use: Aroma, finishing.
Substitution: Hallertauer Mittelfrueh
Example: Lager, Pilsner, Wheat, Ale (finish hop)
Vanguard
Region: United States
AA Range: 5 - 6%
Notes: Similar to Hallertau (U.S.). Aroma similar to continental European types.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Substitution: Hallertau, Hersbrucker, Mt Hood, Liberty
Example: Lager, Pilsner, Bock, Kolsch, Wheat, Munich Helles, Belgian-Style Ale
Warrior
Region: United States
AA Range: 15 - 17%
Notes: Mild aroma, high alpha bittering hop.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Nugget, Columbus
Example: Pale Ale, IPA, Stout
WGV (Whitbread Golding Variety)
Region: United Kingdom
AA Range: 5 - 7%
Notes: Quite pleasant and hoppy, moderately intense. Traditional English hop with a sweet and fruity aroma.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Substitution: Kent Golding, Progress
Example: Ale
Williamette
Region: United States
AA Range: 4 - 7%
Notes: Mild, spicy, grassy, floral aroma.
Typical Use: Aroma, finishing, dry hopping.
Substitution: Fuggle
Example: English-style Ale, Porter, Stout; Sierra Nevada Porter, Ballard Bitter, Anderson Valley Boont Amber
Wye Target
AA Range: 9 - 12%
Notes: Northern Brewer and Golding heritage.
Typical Use: Bittering
Example: English style ale.
Yakima Cluster
Region: United States
AA Range: 6 - 8%
Notes: Pleasant, aromatic hop.
Typical Use: Bittering, aroma.
Example: Lager, Pale Ale
Yakima Magnum
Region: United States
AA Range: 11 - 12%
Typical Use: Bittering.
Example: American strong ale.
Yeoman
Region: United Kingdom
AA Range: 6 - 8%
Notes: Pleasant bitterness.
Typical Use: Bittering.
Substitution: Northdown
Example: English style ale and lager.
Zeus
Region: United States
AA Range: 13 - 17%
Notes: Pungent, flowery aroma; "chunky" bitterness.
Typical Use: Bittering
Substitution: Columbus
Example: Ale